Books by Dr. Lehman

In this book, Lehman examines America’s race problem with the understanding that America usually addresses race with the assumption that all things regarding race are presently correct and accurate. In so doing, Amerikca fails to confront the real problem of race. After discussing various aspects of race and its manifestations using both academic and secular references, the book presents a challenge to America to recognize its race problem by examining its present-day perceptions, language, and behavior. Some of the topics discussed inclue color normalcy, racial priority, and slavery’s legacy. The chapter “The Race Box” will engage the reader in a discussion that can have a major impact on the way race is viewed by individuals in American society. Purchase this book on by clicking here


First, this book questions the beliefs of race, and discusses the conflicts and confusion resulting from an unclear definition of race. Most people try to define race by using the word race which results in a circular discussion with no progress being made regarding the definition.

A reason for some people not liking to discuss race is because they know very little about it. Once they understand what is at work with the use of the word race in American society, they will be able to move forward in their appreciation in the vision this book provides.

Second, this book discusses the concepts of race today and in the future, if no changes are made in the way we view it. The discussion makes a clear distinction between the words race and ethnicity.

Third, this book suggests the discontinued use of the words race, black and white, because they are no longer accurate, valid, rational, or specific in today’s society. Many examples of the uselessness of the word race are provided.

Fourth, this work uses examples from society, current U.S. Government information as well as popular fictional and non-fictional works by American writers that address race matters.

Fifth, this book offers a vision for America that addresses the problems created by race in a sensible, rational, realistic fashion.



This text consists of two parts. Part One presents an introduction and subsequent discussiono f the thesis involving the changing of the African captive’s identity to that of a Negro, slave, black, colored as seen in early American literature. References are made directly to the various literary selections in an effort to underscore the point of the thesis. The discussion builds from the Introduction, Myth of Race, White Superiority Attitudes, Making the African a Negro, Making the Negro a Slave, Defining the Slave, Making the Slave a Thing, to finally, Making the Negro an African.

Part Two contains many of the complete literary references cited in Part One. In essence, the full text of the various secltions referenced in Part One is made available to the reader for examination and discussion. All the selections were taken from popularly published American literature anthologies. The majority of these selections can be found generally in any one currently published Eaerly American Literature anthology.

Purchase this book on by clicking here


scan0002 (2)

The Development of the Black Psyche in the Writings of John Oliver Killens, 1916-1987
Lehman, Paul


John Oliver Killens, who was twice nominated for the Pulitzer Prize, thought of himself as a black writer, not a writer who happened to be black. This study takes what Killens described as the ‘Black Psyche’ and traces its genesis through his major novels, nonfiction, essays, and short stories. Following the text is an interview with Killens, who elucidated many concerns relative to his concept of the black psyche, and covers aspects of his work as teacher, screenwriter, and other experiences.


“Lehman’s interview with Killens and careful analysis of Killens’ work revitalizes Killens’ words and mission. Reading Lehman’s description of Killens’ work provides a behind-the-scenes look at the historical progression that transformed American blacks into black Americans….Lehman argues that Killens wanted to further the cause of black liberation rather than to develop a literary art form although he succeeded at both….Lehman puts Killens’ work in historical perspective for readers in the twenty-first century. With thorough documentation, Lehman provides a framework for understanding our times by showing us where we as a society have been.” – Dr. Mary Spelman, University of Central Oklahoma

“Lehman’s new book acts as a literary, social and historical guide into the world of John Oliver Killens who was more than just a writer recording aspects of American history. Killens is considered by some critics as merely a writer of color, but for Lehman and for us all, Killens is an American writer of importance whose contribution to world literature needs to be appreciated. Killens’ works function as a mirror reflecting the complexities of the American psyche, both black and white, both positive and negative, both political and historical.” – Dr. Wayne Stein, University of Central Oklahoma

Table of Contents

Table of Contents: Preface; Introduction 1. The Problem of Black Identity: A Background 2. The Development of a Black Psyche 3. John Oliver Killens 4. Major Works 5. Minor Fictional Works 6. Conclusion Appendix: Interview with John Oliver Killens Bibliography; Index

ISBN10:  0-7734-6591-X    ISBN13:  978-0-7734-6591-6    Pages:  162    Year:  2003

Series: Black Studies Number: 22

Subject Areas:  African Studies, Comparative Literature – Literature,

Imprint: Edwin Mellen Press

USA List Price: $99.95 UK List Price: £ 64.95

Discounts: Discounts are available. Please Register, or if you have already registered, Sign In, to view your personalized prices.

scan0001 book cover

Most books on race deal with race as it exists in the American past and present. While the information those works provide is valuable, it cannot go beyond the present-day concepts of race because that concept is not challenged. This book takes the discussion of race to higher level and shows the possibilities for the future. Change cannot come without an interruption of the present; a seed cannot become what is destined to be without first breaking through the ground. The same thing must happen to our way of thinking regarding race. This book provides an avenue of approach to that end.

One of the book’s reviewers, Kerri Shadid, wrote in the Oklahoman (5-11-12) that “The book follows the history of race in America from its creation during the time of slavery, to its role in literature, to the confusion perpetuated today by the U.S. Census Bureau using “race” rather than “ethnicity” on the census.” She adds that Lehman believes society’s rejecting the idea of race will not come easy; she continues “However, the reward of discarding the outdated and dehumanizing concept of race is more valuable than the benefits of continuing to grasp onto it.”

In the conclusion of her review, Shadid writes that “America’s Race Matters” is an important book in raising awareness of race in America, which many of us prefer to push under the rug to our own detriment as members of humanity.”

lehman_cover prooflehman_cover proof


Leave a Comment »

RSS feed for comments on this post. TrackBack URI

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Create a free website or blog at
Entries and comments feeds.

%d bloggers like this: